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Plurals

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In Afrikaans we basically add an E or an S to pluralize the noun. The short and long vowel thing is very much part of the spelling rules when you pluralize a word. Pay close attention. Note: word examples are a mix of real and fake words.

OPEN LIST (A) Plurals follow the rules of long and short vowels.

Here are some typical examples:
pal > palle
paal > pale
kot > kotte
koot > kote
sup > suppe
suup > supe
mes > messe
mees > mese

 

OPEN LIST (B) Words ending with two consonants or vowels and diphtongs

If these do not fall in the long/short vowel category just get an E addition, e.g.;
boek > boeke
suin > suine
oord > oorde
maart > maarte
kraai > kraaie
koei > koeie
meeu > meeue
meid > meide
kous > kouse
looi > looie
poei > poeie
saai > saaie

 

OPEN LIST (C) The S Ending

There is no clear-cut all encompassing rule for when an "S" ending is required. You will acquire a feel for these words. Often when a word ends in an R, L or M, the S is used. That is just a guide though.
komper > kompers
vinger > vingers
slinger > slingers
hanger > hangers
singer > singers
werker > werkers
kafee > kafees
trofee > trofees
slee > slees
meisie > meisies
tafel > tafels
amandel > amandels
appel > appels
katel > katels
skerm > skerms
arm > arms
derm > derms
alarm > alarms
film > films
stasie > stasies

 

SHORT LIST (D) The suffix -heid becomes -hede

eenheid > eenhede
waarheid > waarhede
leegheid > leeghede
matigheid > matighede
mattigheid > mattighede
hartlikheid > hartlikhede
moeilikheid > moeilikhede

 

SHORT LIST (E) The -ens ending. (Only a few words)

nooi > nooiens
lewe > lewens
hawe > hawens
wa > waens
gevoel > gevoelens
jong > jongens
wese >wesens

 

SHORT LIST (F) Exceptions

kind > kinders pad > paaie

 

SHORT LIST (G) The -TE ending (All these words are English cognates with and -st ending.)

bees > beeste
fees > feeste
gees > geeste
toeris > toeriste
kas > kaste
teks > tekste
amp > ampte

 

SHORT LIST (H) The -F ending when preceded by a short vowel

gelof > gelofte
skrif > skrifte
graf > grafte
skof > skofte

 

SHORT LIST (I) The -F ending when preceded by a long vowel.

druif > druiwe
slaaf > slawe
staaf > stawe
gaaf > gawe

 

SHORT LIST (J) The -G ending when preceded by a short vowel.

plig > pligte
vrug > vrugte
krag > kragte
nag > nagte
(exceptions)
dag > dae
weg > weë

 

SHORT LIST (K) The -G ending when preceded by a long vowel.

plaag > plae vlieg > vlieë