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Long and Short Vowels

Listen to the sound file and get a feel for this pattern of short versus long vowels. It is crucial that you understand this lesson. It dictates to the whole pronunciation system, and determines the spelling as well.

Note: Word examples are a mix of real and fake words.

1. Words above are broken into syllables.

2. A syllable ends on either a consonant or a vowel (a, e, o, i, u).

3. OPEN SYLLABLE -- the syllable ends in a vowel, the vowel pronunciation is LONG.

4. CLOSED SYLLABLE -- the syllable ends in a consonant, the vowel pronunciation is SHORT.

That is why the A in take (ta-ke) would be long, and the A in takke (tak-ke) would be short.

5. On single syllable words, like SIT, SOK, SAG, KUS, SET, etc. ending with the consonant, the vowel pronunciation is short. If you need a long pronunciation here, you would DOUBLE the vowel.

Examples:

  • tak > taak
  • slep > sleep
  • slop > sloop
  • slip > sliep

 Note: there is no double 'ii'. So, 'ie' is used to represent the long 'i'.

A - AA and examples

Flash is required!
Flash is required!
Short Vowel Long Examples
tak-ke
kas-te
mat-te

A

ta-ke
ka-se
ma-te
pakke - pake - pak - paak
sakke - sake - sak - saak
passe - pase - pas - paas
kasse - kase - kas - kaas
masse - mase - mas - maas

E - EE and examples

Flash is required!
Flash is required!
Short Vowel Long Examples
bed
klets
let-ter

E

be-de
kle-re
re-pe
lekke - leke - lek - leek
bekke - beke - bek - beek
messe - mese - mes - mees
bette - bete - bet - beet
lesse - lese - les - lees

I - IE and examples

Flash is required!
Flash is required!
Short Vowel Long Examples
min-ste
kits
lis-sie

I

mi-nus
kri-sis
li-sie
pikke - pike - pik - piek
skimme - skime - skim - skiem
mikke - mike - mik - miek
sikke - sike - sik - siek
tippe - tipe - tip - tiep

O - OO and examples

Flash is required!
Flash is required!
Short Vowel Long Examples
bot-te
slot-te
pot-te

O

bo-te
slo-te
po-te
bokke - boke - bok - book
sotte - sote - sot - soot
kotte - kote - kot - koot
hotte - hote - hot - hoot
losse - lose - los - loos

U - UU and examples

Flash is required!
Flash is required!
Short Vowel Long Examples
slur-pie
rus-tig
buk

U

u-nie
mu-re
bu-re
putte - pute - put - puut
tukke - tuke - tuk - tuuk
musse - muse - mus - muus
lusse - luse - lus - luus
busse - buse - bus - buus

 


A - AA (mixed)

Flash is required!
Vowel Syllable
Breaks
The Word With Prefixes

A

ha-ke
hak-ke
pal
paal
pal-le
pa-le
taak
take
tak
takke
hasse
hase
verhaal
onthak
gedale
bedalle
vernap
hernape
behaat
verhat
herhake
verhakke
vernap
hernape

E - EE

Flash is required!
Vowel Syllable
Breaks
The Word With Prefixes

E

leek
le-ke
lek-ke
seep
se-pe
sep-pe
pette
ekke
ete
ette
epe
eppe
verlekker
verees
veresse
besete
ontese
herlese
verenik
verennik
gebede
herbedde
belesse
ontleke

I - IE

Flash is required!
Vowel Syllable
Breaks
The Word With Prefixes

I

piet
pi-te
pit-te
piets
ki-te
kit-te
dienaar
kittaar
kitaar
sippres
sipres
pieke
bedien
hersite
gekiet
ontpitte
verpit
bepite
versien
bekiem
herskim
ontskime
verpit
bepite

O - OO

Flash is required!
Vowel Syllable
Breaks
The Word With Prefixes

O

koop
ko-pe
kop-pe
pool
po-le
pol-le
lotte
sloot
potte
bote
kolle
kome
beslot
hersloot
ontslotte
verklope
hernote
verkotte
vermose
ontmokke
herlope
verlokke
hernote
verkotte

U - UU

Flash is required!
Vowel Syllable
Breaks
The Word With Prefixes

U

kuul
ku-le
kul-le
muus
mu-se
mus-se
suur
tuut
sure
sutte
nutte
pukke
versuur
bemure
hernutte
ontkusse
herlusse
vermuke
bepute
geputte
verhutte
herhute
verbuk
gebuuk