If you have javascript turned off you may have problems accessing the (pulldown) menu on this site. If this is the case, you may access all the pages through the "Sitemap" which can be found on the top right of each single page. Thank you!


Google Ads may go here

TENSES SAL HET MODALS KAN WIL MAG MOET REFLEXIVE B6 regular prefixed inseparable separable KOM GAAN LEER HELP PROBEER BEGIN LAAT LOOP SIEN LINK B5 CONJUGATED B4 WEES e.g. uitgooi wegvat loslaat insit COMPOUNDS B3 separable e.g. mislei ondersteun besit ontstaan COMPOUNDS B2b inseparable e.g. verlê besit ontstaan bewerk SIMPLE B2a prefixed e.g. sit staan werk SIMPLE B1 regular MAIN HELPING



When we talked about tenses, we mentioned helping verbs -- a word added to go along with the verb to flag the future (sal/gaan) or past (het ge-) tenses. When a present tense sentence is made past of future, the SAL for future and the HET for Past Tense takes that all important second position where the verb was, and the 'real' verb goes to the end of the sentence. 


Modals are helping verbs too. When adding a modal to a present tense sentence, it takes the second position from the verb and the verb goes to the end of the sentence. And yes, you can get two helping verbs in a sentence, one to indicate the tense, and then a modal helping verb to indicate the 'mood'

Afrikaans modals are regular and English ones are not. In the lessons on modals, you will see what I mean. The modals are KAN (can), WIL (want to), MAG (may), MOET (have to). In case you were wondering, if you have tense and mood helping verbs in the same sentence, the tense goes first, and mood goes to the end with the real verb. Past tense is similar to other Germanic languages in that a modal is slightly changed to indicate both mood and tense. kan > kon; wil > wou, etc.