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Intermediêre Hersienning

Flash is required!

Instructions

First try to answer each question and once you are done, listen to the audio stream above.

º Verbs and Tenses

  • Explain the separable compound verb and give examples in present future and past.
  • Explain perfect tenses in Afrikaans (past, present, and future).
  • Explain the conditional or subjunctive in Afrikaans.
  • Explain the passive in Afrikaans. What mistake do English speakers make commonly when forming passive sentences in Afrikaans?

º Gerunds (past & present)

  • What is a gerund?
  • Give an English example of a present gerund, then an Afrikaans one.
  • Give an English example of a past tense gerund, then an Afrikaans one.
  • Do you know the strong and weak forms of the gerunds and why one versus the other would be used, e.g. gebreekte versus gebroke?

º Verb First Conjunctions

  • If you have a verb first conjunction what does it do to the word order?
  • Under which other circumstances is this same word order imposed in the sentence in Afrikaans?
  • What is the story behind DAN and TOE? Explain each with examples.
  • Can you recall at least four of these conjunctions by heart?
  • Create several example sentences with some of the conjunctions you just mentioned (in different tenses).

º Verb Last Conjunctions

  • What is a verb last conjunction, and what does it do to the word order?
  • What is the story behind WANNEER and TOE? Explain each with examples.
  • Can you recall at least four of these conjunctions by heart?
  • Create several example sentences with some of the conjunctions you just mentioned (in different tenses).
  • Create a sentence with a 3rd group conjunction clause, with the clause being in the future and that also contains a modal helping verb.
  • Repeat the instruction above with the past tense.

º Prepositional Combinations

  • Can you explain when prepositional combinations are formed?
  • Did you explain questions and statements?
  • Are there any odd combinations?

º Degrees of Comparison

  • Can you explain the positive, comparative and superlative degrees of comparison in Afrikaans?
  • Any differences with English?
  • Common mistakes English speakers make?
  • List a few words that are regular in Afrikaans, yet irregular in English.

º Adjective Shift

  • What is the adjective shift?
  • Can you list some adjective that remain unchanged?
  • Give examples of sentences with a change in the adjective.

º Directionals

  • Explain (with examples) how TO and FROM is expressed in Afrikaans.
  • Explain (with examples) the movement ON TO and OFF something [vertical movement].
  • Explain (with examples) movement INTO and OUT OF locations in Afrikaans. How is that different from English?
  • You move from A to B and in the middle is object X. How do you express in Afrikaans when you go:
    (i) over X
    (ii) under X
    (iii) go past next to X
    (iv) through X?
  • What is the significance of the word klim with directional sentences?

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