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Objectives

On the Bootcamp Menu you will see ACTIVE, ACTIVE (Advanced), PASSIVE, and PASSIVE (Advanced). You will work through each level to prove your ability to do the following:


  1: To be able to do it.
  2: To be able to do it without any hesitation.

So first you will do a regular verb sentence (A1) in the Present, Future, and Past Tense.

If your sentence is: The zebra stares at the game warden.

You would do:

C1. The zebra stare at the game warden.
C2. The zebra sal at the game warden stare.
C3. The zebra het at the game wardern gestare.

Then you would do D1 (Negation), D2 (Questions), D3 (Negative Questions)

D1. The zebra stare nie at the game warden nie.
D2. Stare the zebra at the game warden?
D3. Stare the zebra nie at the game warden nie?

Then you would do D4 - D7 Modals with Negation and Questions.

D4. The zebra mag at the game warden stare.
D5. The zebra mag nie at the game warden stare nie.
D6. Mag the zebra at the game warden stare? 
D7. Mag the zebra nie at the game warden stare nie?

Do remember, these examples D1-7 were done with C1 (present), now repeat them with C2 (future) and C3 (past).

Negation:

Initially you could simply do NIE .... NIE.  As you get better at doing the sentences without hesitation, replace NIE, with NOOIT ... NIE,  or GLAD NIE ... NIE, etc.

Questions:

Initially you would simply do questions. Later you will want to add question words, like HOEKOM, or WANNEER, etc.

Regular Verbs:

a.) Regular verbs are verbs like sit, stand, talk, walk, sing, throw, catch, etc. You are familiar with the prefixes in Afrikaans.

b.) If a regular verb as a prefix, it is still a regular verb; however, in the past tense it does not get a GE-prefix, because it already has a prefix, and Afrikaans does not go for two prefixes. :-) E.g. KOOP becomes GEKOOP, but the verb VERKOOP stays VERKOOP in the past.

c.) Inseparable compound verbs in Afrikaans is one of two groups of compound verbs. These are regular verbs and like prefixed verbs these compounds do not get the GE-prefix in the past. For example, UNDERWRITE in Afrikaans -- 
He underwrite the policy. 
He sal the policy underwrite.
He het the policy underwrite.

Separable Compound Verbs:

a.) These verbs separate the two parts in the present and otherwise they are together (present, past, and with modals). And in the past tense, the GE is not a prefix, but as an infix. For example:

The janitor THROW the trash OUT.
The janitor HET the trash outGEthrow.
The janitor SAL the trash OUTTHROW.
The janitor SAL the trash WIL OUTTHROW.