If you have javascript turned off you may have problems accessing the (pulldown) menu on this site. If this is the case, you may access all the pages through the "Sitemap" which can be found on the top right of each single page. Thank you!
English
Français
Deutsch
Italiano



Info-Box

Google Ads may go here

Prepositions

Step 1: Learn prepositions in the vocabulary section
Vocabulary > Grammar Related > Prepositions

Step 2: Learn the VERB-PROPOSITION usage
Vocabulary > Grammar Related > Prepositions > Prep + Verbs

Step 3: Test your knowledge
Vocabulary > Grammar Related > Prepositions > Prep + Verbs (Learn)

Step 4: Watch the movies to advance your skills
Vocabulary > Grammar Related > Prepositions > Learn (Movie)

Verbs often need a preposition.
You would not say, "I talk you" but "I talk to you."  
Here are some valuable pairs of verb-preposition combinations.

MET:

Ons praat met die joernalis. — We speak with the journalist.

VIR:

Ek gee altyd my geld vir hom. — I always give my money to him.
Sê vir Karel ek is siek. — Tell Carl I am ill.
Vra vir hom of hy wil kom. — Ask him if he wants to come.

AAN:

Stuur die pakkie aan jou ouers. — Send the parcel to your parents.
Jou meisie dink aan jou. — think about -- Your girlfriend thinks about you.
My suster skryf aan my. — My sister writes to me.
Hy behoort aan ons klub. — He belongs to our club.
Hy sal aan die gesprek deelneem. — He will participate in the discussion.
Hy het my aan sy ma voorgestel. — He introduced me to his mother.

NA:

Ons kyk na 'n fliek. — We look at a movie.
Hulle luister na die toespraak. —They listen to the speech.
Hy aard na sy pa. — He takes after his dad.
Hy lyk na 'n moeilike mens. — He looks like a difficult guy.

BY:

Ek werk by die bank. — I work at the bank.
Ek sit by die huis. — I sit at home.
Staan by die deur. — Stand by the door.
Hy bedel kos by sy kamermaats. — He begs food from his room mates.

SOOS:

Hy lyk soos my pa. — He looks like my dad.

Note: LYK SOOS is used to compare and LYK NA is used to predict.

Prepositionals -Voorsetsel Oefeninge

FILL IN THE GAPS:

1. Praat ______ my.
2. Ek sing ______ sy troue.
3. Ek dink ______ my kinders.
4. Ek het 'n twee karaat diamant ______ haar gegee.
5. Hy lyk ______ my ou kamermaat.
6. Okkert luister ______ die radio.
7. Al daardie boeke behoort ______ my pa.
8. Moenie ______ die vlam kyk nie!
9. BYU sal ____ die spele deelneem.
10. Hoekom skryf jy nie ______ hom nie?
11. Jy moet ______ jou ouers vra.
12. Ek is baie dankbaar ______ hierdie geleentheid.
13. hoekom wil hy nie ______ my praat nie?
14. Hy wil nie ______ ons luister nie.
15. Ons is moeg ______ al sy probleme.
16. Dit lyk ______ 'n lekker dag.
17. Sy lyk ______ 'n vriendelike meisie.
18. Vir my lyk dit ______ 'n olifant.
19. Nee! Nee! Dit lyk ______ groot!
20. Ek is bekommerd ______ jou gesondheid.
21. Is hy nog kwaad _____ jou?
22. Ek is dankbaar ______ mense soos julle.
23. Sy het my ______ haar ouers voorgestel.
24. Ek is siek en sat ______ die slegte weer.
25. Jy lyk ______ my kamermaat.
26. Ek moet dadelik ______ haar praat.
27. Gee ______ my die boek, asseblief.
28. Sy wil nie _____ my skryf nie.
29. Waarom moet ek ______ hom luister?
30. Stuur asseblief hierdie brief _____ hom.

Click or copy the text of this line to Notepad for the answers of the 30 sentences above.

Prepositions (Reference/Advanced)

AAN

Level 1: dink (think), gee (to give), ly (to suffers from), sit [tafel] (to be seated), skryf (to write)
Level 2: deelneem (to participate), is gewoond (to be used to),  glo (to believe), hang (to hang on),  is verloof (to be engaged)

BY

Level 1: kom (to come), koop (to buy), kuier (to visit for a chat)
Level 2: Aankom (to arrive),

IN

Level 1: sit e.g. Ek sit in die kamer.
Level 2: stel belang (to be interested in)

MET

Level 1: praat (to talk to), gooi (to thow)
Level 2: spot (to tease, mock), is tevrede (to be satisfied), trou (to get married)

NA

Level 1: kyk (to look at), lyk (to look – as in appearance), luister (to listen), roep (to call), skiet (to shoot), soek (to look for), vra (to ask),
Level 2: Aard (to behave like), verlang (to miss, long for), verwys (to refer to), vry (to court)

OM

Level 1: vra [hulp] (ask for)
Level 2:

OOR

Level 1: baklei (to argue, to fight), kla (to complain, whine), praat (to talk), skryf (to write)
Level 2: is bekommerd (to be worried about), skaam [my] (to be ashamed of), stry (to debate, argue), treur (to mourn), is verbaas (to be surprised)

OP

Level 1: is verlief (to be in love with), is jaloers (to be jealous of), skiet (to shoot at),
Level 2: ingaan (to investigate)

VAN

Level 1: hou (to like), sterf (to die from)
Level 2: afsien (to let go of), genees (to be healed), verskil (to differ), voorsien (to provide)

VIR

Level 1: is bang (to be scared of), is kwaad (to be angry at), is lief (to love)
Level 2: omgee (to care about), oppas (to watch out for), skrik (to get a fright), vererg my (to become enraged)