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Separable Compound Verbs

INTRODUCTION

With verbs, you have so far studied (i) OM TE Hê and OM TE WEES (the two verbs that conjugate), (ii) regular verbs, and (iii) verbs that take no GE- prefix in the past (prefixed verbs and inseparable compound verbs). 

This group of verbs behave just like regular verbs, if we could ignore the description part of the separable compound verbs.

SEPARABLE COMPOUND VERBS

In Afrikaans we have two groups of compound verbs, separable and inseparable. This time we focus on the separable ones. A compound verb has two parts of meaning that combine to create the verb, like OVER + THROW to make OVERTHROW.  The action part is THROW, and OVER is the description part.  I will give you some examples below and italicize the DESCRIPTOR part. Now, if you could visualize the descriptor gone, you will see that it is a regular verb. Now bring back the descriptor, and get used to this verb type. As you will see, because the descriptor is part of the word, the GE- is in the middle of the word. We call this an INFIX, in contrast with PREFIXES (in front) and SUFFIXES (behind) the word.

EXAMPLES:

stilstaan: Ek staan stil vir die foto. Ek sal stilstaan. Ek het stilgestaan.
plaasvind: Die kompetisie vind plaas. Die kompetisie sal plaasvind. Die kompetisie het plaasgevind.
voorstel
:  Ek stel die plan voor. Ek gaan die plan voorstel. Ek het die plan voorgestel.
loslaat: Jan laat die wolf los. Jan sal die wolf loslaat. Jan het die wolf losgelaat.
grootword: My suster word vinnig groot. My suster sal vinnig grootword. My suster het vinnig grootgeword.

 

Oefening

Flash is required!

Review

Separated Together
Present Tense Modals (Present) Future Past (with -g- infix)
UITGOOI (to throw out/discard)
Ek GOOI die water UIT. Ek kan die water UITGOOI. EK gaan die water UITGOOI. Ek het die water UITgeGOOI.
LIEFHê (to love)
Sy HET my LIEF. Sy wil my LIEFHê. Sy sal my LIEFHê. Sy het my LIEFgeHAD.
AGTERKOM (to notice/detect)
Ek KOM dadelik AGTER hy is weg. Ek moet dadelik AGTERKOM hy is weg. Ek sal dadelik AGTERKOM hy is weg. Ek het dadelik AGTERgeKOM hy is weg.

Separable Compound Verbs

Flash is required!
voorstel introduce; suggest
saamgaan go with
plaasvind take place, happen
deelneem participate
grootword grow up
liefhê love
toustaan line up
optel pick up
wegsit put away
terugkeer return
volhou persist
gelukwens congratulate
goedkeur approve
loslaat let go/free
stilstaan stand still
dophou watch (someone)
uitsien na look forward to
byeenkom congregate
agterkom realize

Practice: