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Beginner's Grammar Points Recap

Flash is required!

[A] to [E] Review: Instructions

First try to answer each question and once you are done, listen to the audio stream above.

º Pronouns (subject, object, possessive & poss. adjectives)

  • Explain what a personal pronoun is -- what is it's function in language?
  • Subject Pronouns: what is the Afrikaans for the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person singular, and 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person plural pronouns?
  • Object Pronouns: what is the Afrikaans for the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person singular, and 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person plural pronouns?
  • Possessive Pronouns: what is the Afrikaans for the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person singular, and 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person plural pronouns?
  • Possessive Adjectives: what is the Afrikaans for the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person singular, and 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person plural adjectives?
  • Explain the difference between a possessive pronoun and a possessive adjective?

º Verbs: conjugated, regular, prefixed, inseparable compound
- tenses - progressive - questions - negation - modals

  • Tell me which two verbs conjugate and give examples.
  • How are regular verbs similar to prefixed and inseparable compound verbs?
  • How do regular verbs differ from prefixed and inseparable compound verbs?
  • Inseparable compound verbs fall into two groups. Explain each with examples.
  • Know and list the prefixes by heart.
  • Identify the verb type: regular - prefixed - inseparable compounds
    [slaan; gedra; waarsku; oordonder; droom; vat; versoek; bepaal; vlieg; neem; ondersoek; herinner; ontvang; onthou; regverdig; rangskik]
  • List the modal helping verbs with a sentence example for present, future, and past.
  • Make a sentence with any of the sentences above in (i) the past, present, and future, (ii) make any of these sentences a question; (iii) make any of these sentences negative.

º Third Position

  • What is the 'third position'?
  • Which word types go in the third position?
  • What is the ranking order of these word types in the third position?

º Special Infinitives

  • Which two groups of special infinitives are there?
  • Explain each.
  • Make sentences with help, kom, gaan, begin, leer, probeer as helping verbs.
  • Make sentences with: in plaas van, in stede van, deur + verb, hoef nie, behoort.

º Verb Second Conjunctions

  • Give examples of Verb Second Conjunctions in sentences and explain their purpose.

º Infinitives

  • What is an infinitive?
  • What are the words that you will find with any regular infinitive?
  • Explain the word order of an infinitive phrase.

º Verbs with Prepositions

  • In Afrikaans, like in many languages, some verbs are associated with a preposition. For example, in English, you write to someone, you eat with a fork, you read about something, etc.
  • Firstly, do you know the prepositions in Afrikaans? (link)
  • Do you know the common prepositions for the following verbs? (link) See also LINK.
  • praat ___ (with)  /  gee ___ (to)  /  sê ___  /  vra ___  /  stuur ___ (to)
    dink ___ (about)  /  skryf ___ (to)  /  behoort ___ (to)  /  deelneem ___ (in)
    voorstel ___ (to)  /  kyk  ___ (at)  /  luister ___ (to)  /  aard ___ (like)
    lyk ___ (like - predict: looks like a big storm)  /  lyk ___ (like: compare: she looks like you.)