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Beginner's Grammar Points Recap
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[A] to [E] Review: Instructions
First try to answer each question and once you are done, listen to the audio stream above.
º Pronouns (subject, object, possessive & poss. adjectives)
- Explain what a personal pronoun is -- what is it's function in language?
- Subject Pronouns: what is the Afrikaans for the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person singular, and 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person plural pronouns?
- Object Pronouns: what is the Afrikaans for the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person singular, and 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person plural pronouns?
- Possessive Pronouns: what is the Afrikaans for the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person singular, and 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person plural pronouns?
- Possessive Adjectives: what is the Afrikaans for the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person singular, and 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person plural adjectives?
- Explain the difference between a possessive pronoun and a possessive adjective?
º Verbs: conjugated, regular, prefixed, inseparable compound
- tenses - progressive - questions - negation - modals
- Tell me which two verbs conjugate and give examples.
- How are regular verbs similar to prefixed and inseparable compound verbs?
- How do regular verbs differ from prefixed and inseparable compound verbs?
- Inseparable compound verbs fall into two groups. Explain each with examples.
- Know and list the prefixes by heart.
- Identify the verb type: regular - prefixed - inseparable compounds
[slaan; gedra; waarsku; oordonder; droom; vat; versoek; bepaal; vlieg; neem; ondersoek; herinner; ontvang; onthou; regverdig; rangskik]
- List the modal helping verbs with a sentence example for present, future, and past.
- Make a sentence with any of the sentences above in (i) the past, present, and future, (ii) make any of these sentences a question; (iii) make any of these sentences negative.
º Third Position
- What is the 'third position'?
- Which word types go in the third position?
- What is the ranking order of these word types in the third position?
º Special Infinitives
- Which two groups of special infinitives are there?
- Explain each.
- Make sentences with help, kom, gaan, begin, leer, probeer as helping verbs.
- Make sentences with: in plaas van, in stede van, deur + verb, hoef nie, behoort.
º Verb Second Conjunctions
- Give examples of Verb Second Conjunctions in sentences and explain their purpose.
- What is an infinitive?
- What are the words that you will find with any regular infinitive?
- Explain the word order of an infinitive phrase.
º Verbs with Prepositions
- In Afrikaans, like in many languages, some verbs are associated with a preposition. For example, in English, you write to someone, you eat with a fork, you read about something, etc.
- Firstly, do you know the prepositions in Afrikaans? (link)
- Do you know the common prepositions for the following verbs? (link) See also LINK.
- praat ___ (with) / gee ___ (to) / sê ___ / vra ___ / stuur ___ (to)
dink ___ (about) / skryf ___ (to) / behoort ___ (to) / deelneem ___ (in)
voorstel ___ (to) / kyk ___ (at) / luister ___ (to) / aard ___ (like)
lyk ___ (like - predict: looks like a big storm) / lyk ___ (like: compare: she looks like you.)